The term “artificial intelligence” was coined in the mid-1950s, by Professor John McCarthy, which he would define as “the science and engineering of making intelligent machines.” Although there is no standard definition of artificial intelligence (or machine learning), it is in broad terms software that enables computers to behave intelligently.
We are surrounded by artificial intelligence (AI) in our daily lives. Siri and Alexa respond to voice commands with the requested information. Amazon, Facebook and other sites generates custom messaging based on an individual’s website searches and utilization. Uber, Lyft, mobile check depositing and more are made possible by AI. In health care, diagnostic tools, interpretation of imaging tests, and wearables are but a few of the many examples of AI. However, the use of AI in health care raises ethical, security and other concerns.
Explore the following articles and videos about the history of AI and its use in health care. The next Reading segment will focus on the risks of AI.
The History of AI
Forbes: What is Artificial Intelligence?
PBS Documentary: In the Age of AI
Oxford University Sparks: What is Machine Learning
Google Cloud Platform: The 7 Steps of Machine Learning (AI Adventures)
AI & Healthcare
WebMD: How AI is Transforming Health Care
New York Times: A.I. Is Learning to Read Mammograms
Royal College of Physicians: The potential for artificial intelligence in healthcare